The Federal President, by their actions and public appearances, represents the state itself, its existence, its legitimacy, and unity. Their office involves an integrative role. The President is not obliged by Constitution to refrain from political views. He or she is expected to give direction to general political and societal debates, but not in a way that links him to party politics.
Oberlandesgericht - state appeals courts Bundesgerichtshof - the federal supreme criminal and civil court There is also a system of specialist courts, that deall with certain areas of the law. These generally have a state court and state appeals court before coming to the federal supreme court for that area of law.
The other federal supreme courts are Bundesarbeitsgericht - Labour law Bundessozialgericht - Social security law Bundesverwaltungsgericht - Administrative law. This includes government regulations not covered by one of the other three specialist courts.
Unlike the United Statesall courts are state courts, except for the top level supreme courts. Bundesverfassungsgericht[ change change source ] Germany also has another supreme court, the Bundesverfassungsgericht Federal Constitutional Court.
The Grundgesetz says that every person may complain to the Federal Constitutional Court when his or her constitutional rights, especially the human rights, have been violated by the government or one of its agencies, and after he or she has gone through the ordinary court system.
The Bundesverfassungsgericht hears complaints about laws passed by the legislative branch, court decisions, or acts of the administration.
Usually only a small percentage of these constitutional complaints, called Verfassungsbeschwerden are successful. Evenso, the Court is often angers both the government and the law-makers. All that matters is the constitution. The Bundesverfassungsgericht is very high popular with ordinary people, because it protects them from government wrongdoing.
Only the Constitutional Court can handle some types of cases, including arguments between government bodies about their constitutional powers. Only the Constitutional Court has the power to ban political parties for being unconstitutional. But the Kohl government was hurt at the polls by slower growth in the east in the previous two years, which meant the gap between east and west widened as the west got richer and the east did not.
The first months of the new government had policy disputes between the moderate and traditional left wings of the SPD, and some voters got fed up. The first state election after the federal election was held in Hesse in February The CDU increased its vote by 3. The next election for the Bundestag was September 22, The coalition treaty for the second red-green coalition was signed October 16, There were a lot of new ministers.
Conservative comeback[ change change source ] In Februaryelections took place in the states of Hesse and Lower Saxonywere won by the conservatives.
The latest election in the state of Bavaria led to a landslide victory of the conservatives, gaining not just the majority as usualbut two thirds of parliamentary seats. This included a shakeup of the system of German job offices Arbeitsamtcuts in unemployment benefits and subsidies for unemployed persons who start their own businesses.
These changes are commonly known by the name of the chairman of the commission which conceived them as Hartz I - Hartz IV.A political system is an aspect of the social system, and political activity and study is a special category of social activity and study.
The boundary of politics is often not clear, so that, for example, actions of trades union leaders may sometimes be induded in politics and sometimes not. Essay on Political System Article shared by A political system is an aspect of the social system, and political activity and study is a special category of social activity and study.
The Structure of Political System in Brazil Essay. The Structure of Political System in Brazil Many countries in the world adopted the unique and valuable political system of the US, and the political system of Brazil mainly is oriented toward so called pro-American political system.
Having a stable political system, the third best economy with strict laws giving equal justice cultural freedom and on of the best technology. Germany having a central geographical position and part of the European market it is considered a center for international businesses.
Weimar Republic Essay Words | 10 Pages. Weimar Republic There were various factors that contributed to the failure of the Weimar Republic of Germany and the ascent of Hitler’s National Socialist German Workers Party into power on January 30, The political system of Germany is fairly decentralized system in which the system is categorized into executive, legislative, judiciary, and cabinets.
In this system, the people will elect legislation, the legislation body elect executive, and the executive body produces public policy.