Offa robbery scene used to illustrate the story.
Background[ edit ] Police photograph of V. As part of their revolutionary activity, the RSDLP and other revolutionary groups such as anarchists and Socialist Revolutionaries practised a range of militant operations, including "expropriations", a euphemism for armed robberies of government or private funds to support revolutionary activities.
At the 5th Congress, a resolution was passed condemning participation in or assistance to all militant activity, including "expropriations" as "disorganizing and demoralizing", and called for Police report on bank robbery party militias to be disbanded.
Among other party activities, the Bolshevik leadership had already planned a number of "expropriations" in different parts of Russia by the time of the 5th Congress and was awaiting a major robbery in Tiflis, which occurred only weeks after the 5th Congress ended.
The group decided that Stalin, then known by his earlier nom de guerre Koba, [b] and the Armenian Simon Ter-Petrossianknown as Kamo, should organize a bank robbery in the city of Tiflis.
A Hidden Life, while Stalin was working with the Bolsheviks to organize criminal activities, he was also acting as an informant for the Okhranathe Russian secret police. Brackman alleges that once the group returned to Tiflis, Stalin informed his Okhrana contact, Officer Mukhtarov, about the bank robbery plans and promised to provide the Okhrana with more information at a later time.
A witness, David Sagirashvili, later stated that he had been walking in Yerevan Square when a friend named Bachua Kupriashvili, who later turned out to be one of the robbers, invited him into a tavern and asked him to stay.
Once inside the tavern, Sagirashvili realized that armed men were stopping people from leaving. When they received a signal that the bank stagecoach was nearing the square, the armed men quickly left the building with pistols drawn.
Kupriashvili gave the signal, and the robbers hit the carriage with grenades, killing many of the horses and guards, and began shooting security men guarding the stagecoach and the square. The sound caused panic everywhere Carriages and carts were galloping away".
When they heard the explosions, they rushed back into the house terrified. Run to the square. Pavlenko, claimed that Stalin attacked the carriage itself and had been wounded by a bomb fragment.
Polish socialistsArmeniansanarchistsSocialist-Revolutionariesand even the Russian State itself were blamed. The agents had heard rumors that Stalin had been seen watching passively during the robbery.
Mukhtarov asked Stalin why he had not informed them about it, and Stalin stated that he had provided adequate information to the authorities to prevent the theft. The questioning escalated into a heated argument; Mukhtarov hit Stalin in the face and had to be restrained by other Okhrana officers.
After this incident, Mukhtarov was suspended from the Okhrana, and Stalin was ordered to leave Tiflis and go to Baku to await a decision in the case.
Kamo spent the remaining summer months staying with Lenin at his dacha. The money obtained in the Tiflis raid was handed over to the Bolsheviks for revolutionary purposes. But the money could not be used. It was all in ruble notes, which had to be changed. This could not be done in Russia, as the banks always had lists of the note numbers in such cases The money was badly needed.
And so a group of comrades made an attempt to change the ruble notes simultaneously in various towns abroad, just a few days after our arrival Zhitomirsky had warned the police about the attempt to change the ruble notes, and those involved in it were arrested.
A member of the Zurich group, a Lett, was arrested in Stockholm, and Olga Ravich, a member of the Geneva group, who had recently returned from Russia, was arrested in Munich with Bogdassarian and Khojamirian. In Geneva Nikolai Semashko was arrested after a postcard addressed to one of the arrested men was delivered to his house.
On my grave there should already be grass growing six feet high. One must die some day. But I will try my luck again.
Try any way of escape. Perhaps we shall once more have the laugh over our enemies I am in irons. Do what you like. I am ready for anything. He is without doubt mentally ill, is incapable of appearing before a court, or of serving sentence.May 23, · GRAND RAPIDS, MI -- Police identified two brothers suspected of robbing a Huntington Bank branch last year because their robbery note was on the backside of .
Mr. Hubert Williams, 88, of Barnesville, passed away on Monday, November 19, at Eternal Hope Hospice in Griffin.
Mr. Williams was born May 26, , in Bryan County, son of the late Fred Williams and the late Lottie Cribbs Williams, and preceded in death by his wife, Della Mae Shelton Williams. May 23, · GRAND RAPIDS, MI -- Police identified two brothers suspected of robbing a Huntington Bank branch last year because their robbery note was on the backside of .
Wednesday’s Weather: More sunshine and nice, cool temperatures.
High near Feb 26, · The last of three defendants convicted in an armed bank robbery was sentenced to eight years in prison last week. Quamaine J. Jackson, 23, . Jun 14, · PLAINWELL, MI -- Plainwell police have released photos of the suspect in a Thursday morning bank robbery.
City officials tweeted just before noon that PNC Bank, N. .