The concept of patient assessment is perhaps one of the most important elements of nursing and medical care. It is the very initial step taken in order to evaluate what is wrong with the patient. The goal of this paper is to undertake a concept analysis on the aspect of patient assessment.
Precontemplation not ready       People at this stage do not intend to start the healthy behavior in the near future within 6 monthsand may be unaware of the need to change.
People here learn more about healthy behavior: Precontemplators typically underestimate the pros of changing, overestimate the cons, and often are not aware of making such mistakes.
One of the most effective steps that others can help with at this stage is to encourage them to become more mindful of their decision making and more conscious of the multiple benefits of changing an unhealthy behavior. Contemplation getting ready At this stage, participants are intending to start the healthy behavior within the next 6 months.
While they are usually now more aware of the pros of changing, their cons are about equal to their Pros. This ambivalence about changing can cause them to keep putting off taking action. People here learn about the kind of person they could be if they changed their behavior and learn more from people who behave in healthy ways.
Others can influence and help effectively at this stage by encouraging them to work at reducing the cons of changing their behavior. Preparation ready People at this stage are ready to start taking action within the next 30 days.
They take small steps that they believe can help them make the healthy behavior a part of their lives.
For example, they tell their friends and family that they want to change their behavior. People in this stage Concept comparison and analysis across nursing theories paper be encouraged to seek support from friends they trust, tell people about their plan to change the way they act, and think about how they would feel if they behaved in a healthier way.
Their number one concern is: They learn that the better prepared they are, the more likely they are to keep progressing. Action current action People at this stage have changed their behavior within the last 6 months and need to work hard to keep moving ahead.
These participants need to learn how to strengthen their commitments to change and to fight urges to slip back. People in this stage progress by being taught techniques for keeping up their commitments such as substituting activities related to the unhealthy behavior with positive ones, rewarding themselves for taking steps toward changing, and avoiding people and situations that tempt them to behave in unhealthy ways.
Maintenance monitoring People at this stage changed their behavior more than 6 months ago. It is important for people in this stage to be aware of situations that may tempt them to slip back into doing the unhealthy behavior—particularly stressful situations.
It is recommended that people in this stage seek support from and talk with people whom they trust, spend time with people who behave in healthy ways, and remember to engage in healthy activities to cope with stress instead of relying on unhealthy behavior.
Relapse recycling     Relapse in the TTM specifically applies to individuals who successfully quit smoking or using drugs or alcohol, only to resume these unhealthy behaviors. Individuals who attempt to quit highly addictive behaviors such as drug, alcohol, and tobacco use are at particularly high risk of a relapse.
Achieving a long-term behavior change often requires ongoing support from family members, a health coach, a physician, or another motivational source.
Supportive literature and other resources can also be helpful to avoid a relapse from happening. Processes of change[ edit ] Processes of change The 10 processes of change are "covert and overt activities that people use to progress through the stages". As people move toward Action and Maintenance, they rely more on commitments, conditioning, contingencies, environmental controls, and support.
A growing awareness that the advantages the "pros" of changing outweigh the disadvantages the "cons" —the TTM calls this decisional balance. Confidence that they can make and maintain changes in situations that tempt them to return to their old, unhealthy behavior—the TTM calls this self-efficacy.
Strategies that can help them make and maintain change—the TTM calls these processes of change. The ten processes of change include: Consciousness-raising Get the facts — increasing awareness via information, education, and personal feedback about the healthy behavior.
Dramatic relief Pay attention to feelings — feeling fear, anxiety, or worry because of the unhealthy behavior, or feeling inspiration and hope when they hear about how people are able to change to healthy behaviors.
Self-reevaluation Create a new self-image — realizing that the healthy behavior is an important part of who they are and want to be.
Environmental reevaluation Notice your effect on others — realizing how their unhealthy behavior affects others and how they could have more positive effects by changing. Social liberation Notice public support — realizing that society is more supportive of the healthy behavior.Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Translation is to render the meaning of a text into another language in the way that the author intended the text.
The translation cannot simply reproduce, or be, the original. The first business of the translator is to translate. There is a body of knowledge about translation which, if applied to. Types of factor analysis. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) is used to identify complex interrelationships among items and group items that are part of unified concepts.
The researcher makes no a priori assumptions about relationships among factors.. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) is a more complex approach that tests the hypothesis that the items are associated with specific factors.
🔥Citing and more! Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes. Concept Comparison and Analysis across Theories “Nursing theory is the term given to the body of knowledge applied to support nursing practice.
However, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date. Because you are specifying the date of airing, you would then use WB Television Network (rather than Mutant Enemy), because it was the network (rather than the production company) that aired the episode on the date you’re citing.